OP-UNEDITED | Environmental Issue Faced By Nigeria at This Time
NIGERIA – MONDAY, 11th 2015 - Nigeria is currently faced with non suitable way of waste disposal. Over time it has been noticed that our waste disposal pattern has not really changed despite the introduction of disposing liquid and solid waste separately. Only in few schools, homes, offices and places does one find separate bins for disposing the solid and liquid waste. Big trucks come to streets once in awhile to lift the waste both liquid and solid together in their trucks but still dump them on a spacious land making it useless. We still see our roads still littered with refuse thrown out of cars, commercial buses and people walking on the roadside. The market also is always seen to be dirty example are Mile 12 and Agric market; only cleaned on Thursday morning when there is environmental sanitation. The market traders and buyers still have not imbibed the habit of disposing the liquid and solid waste separately. People still dump refuse indiscriminately on roads and streets at night when no one is watching.
According to Business dictionary waste disposal is the proper disposition of a discarded or discharged material in accordance with local environmental guidelines or law. We have two major types of waste which are solid and liquid waste. Solid waste comprises of garbage and rubbish such as bottles, cans, clothing, compost, disposables, food packaging, food scraps, newspapers, newspapers, magazines that originates from private homes or apartments. It can also contain household hazardous waste. It can be domestic waste or residential waste defined by Business dictionary. Liquid waste can come in non-solid form. Some solid waste can be converted to a liquid waste form for disposal. It includes point source and non-point source discharges such as storm water and waste water. Examples of liquid waste include wash water from homes, liquids used for cleaning industries and waste detergents. Aside from the two major types of waste which are solid and liquid it can also be grouped into organic, re-usable and recyclable waste. Hazardous wastes potentially are imminent to public health or the environment. The waste could be inflammable, reactive (easily explode), corrosive (easily eat through metal) or toxic (poison to human and animals). Examples include fire extinguishers, old propane tanks, pesticides, mercury containing equipment (e.g. thermostats) and lamps (e.g. fluorescent bulbs) and batteries. Organic wastes are from plants or animal sources like fruit, vegetable peels and dog poop. They are easily broken down by other organisms over time and turned to manure according to school today. There are so many classes of waste but are grouped under the two headings liquid and solid.
Furthermore, indecorous disposal of waste can contaminate the soil leading to soil acidy which affects farm produce, contaminates water sources and affects animal life. It also contaminates the air causing depletion of ozone layer which affects climatic changes and causes global warming. Animals and marine life are also affected when wastes are dumped into water. Our waste can be very useful to us as a source of income, employment for individuals, developing and beautification of poor cities. It can also boost the economy as it gives job opportunities, business opportunities like biogas from human poop, production and consumption of products. Green house emissions are reduced which gives clean water and reduce flooding. It also gives and promotes a cleaner environment now and for the future. From research made some solid waste have been proven to be very useful as it can be easily recycled, like plastics can be used for house decorations, paper for tissue papers. Another research showed that some group of architects used waste to build homes for people to live in.
Moreover, if strict policies are placed for car drivers, commercial drivers and people walking along the road side to stop dropping refuse on the roads and law breakers are penalized. For effective monitoring of this policy, hidden cameras can be placed on roads and streets to discipline offenders. Each household, offices, schools, basically the corporate and residential areas should have bins to separate both liquid and solid waste and should be monitored to ensure it is implemented. Refuse bins should be dropped at designated places that separate liquid and solid wastes. Awareness should be done on radio, schools, churches, mosques, television, bill board adverts, hospitals, offices on the different types of waste, effects of indecorous waste management, the benefits to individual, society and nation as a whole.
By Toyosi Banjo from Lagos, Nigeria
OP-UNEDITED | Environmental Issue Faced By Nigeria at This Time Reviewed by Olumide Idowu on Monday, January 11, 2016 Rating: